The incidence of cardiovascular disease is known to be higher in men than in women of similar age, and this gender difference is more prominent at a younger age (1) and is partly explained by protective effects of sex hormones (2).
What gender is more prone to heart disease?
Researchers found that throughout life, men were about twice as likely as women to have a heart attack. That higher risk persisted even after they accounted for traditional risk factors for heart disease, including high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, body mass index, and physical activity.
How does gender affect risk of heart disease?
Men generally develop CVD at a younger age and have a higher propensity of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) than women. Women, in contrast, are at a higher risk of stroke, which often occurs at older age.
Why are males more at risk for heart disease?
Heart Risk Factor: Low Testosterone
Metabolic syndrome (which includes high blood sugar levels, unhealthy cholesterol levels, and too much weight in the midsection) and diabetes are leading risk factors for heart disease. Low testosterone is simply one part of an overall picture of heart risk, the expert says.
Who has a higher risk of heart disease?
Children of parents with heart disease are more likely to develop heart disease themselves. African-Americans have more severe high blood pressure than Caucasians, and a higher risk of heart disease. Heart disease risk is also higher among Mexican-Americans, American Indians, native Hawaiians and some Asian-Americans.
Which gender is more likely to have a stroke?
Stroke has a greater effect on women than men because women have more events and are less likely to recover. Age-specific stroke rates are higher in men, but, because of their longer life expectancy and much higher incidence at older ages, women have more stroke events than men.
What is the difference between male and female heart attacks?
A heart attack does not always look or feel the same in women compared to men. Men typically present to healthcare providers with chest pressure. Women also experience chest pressure (it’s still the leading complaint), but they are more likely than men to also report: Nausea.
What is a risk factor for a disease?
FAK-ter) Something that increases the chance of developing a disease. Some examples of risk factors for cancer are age, a family history of certain cancers, use of tobacco products, being exposed to radiation or certain chemicals, infection with certain viruses or bacteria, and certain genetic changes.
What are 4 risk factors for heart disease?
Major Risk Factors
- High Blood Pressure (Hypertension). High blood pressure increases your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. …
- High Blood Cholesterol. One of the major risk factors for heart disease is high blood cholesterol. …
- Diabetes. …
- Obesity and Overweight. …
- Smoking. …
- Physical Inactivity. …
- Gender. …
What are the 7 major risk factors for coronary heart disease?
The traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease are high LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, high blood pressure, family history, diabetes, smoking, being post-menopausal for women and being older than 45 for men, according to Fisher. Obesity may also be a risk factor.