These data indicate that the 25 to 30 mm Hg higher blood pressure in the male SHR compared with the female is not due to an intrinsic defect of the male kidney but rather is due to some external factor in the male that further increases blood pressure, perhaps because of a reduction in pressure-natriuresis.
Why is hypertension more common in males than females?
Factors positively associated with hypertension prevalence were old age, low education, and high BMI in women (p<0.001) and increasing age, low income, alcohol intake, and high BMI in men (p<0.001). The overall control rate of hypertension was higher in women (51.3%) than in men (44.8%).
How does age and gender affect blood pressure?
Results: Systolic blood pressures (SBP) and pulse pressures (PP) were higher in males than in females among adults less than 45 years old. After age 45, SBP and PP were higher in females. Diastolic blood pressures were lower among adult females across all age categories.
Do males or females have higher blood pressure?
Gender Differences in Blood Pressure Regulation in Humans
Recent studies using the technique of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring have shown that blood pressure is higher in men than in women at similar ages.
Why is gender a risk factor for hypertension?
Non-traditional risk factors
In females, onset of menopause is associated with a 2-fold increase in the risk of HTN and increased cardiovascular risk (Barton and Meyer 2009). Blood pressure levels at this time depend on age and duration of menopause, suggesting oestrogen deficiency to be a contributing factor.
Is women’s blood pressure lower than men’s?
A new study shows that women have a lower ‘normal’ blood pressure range compared to men. A new study from the Smidt Heart Institute at Cedars-Sinai shows that women have a lower “normal” blood pressure range compared to men.
Is there a difference in systolic blood pressure in males and females?
Moreover, we found significant gender differences in both systolic blood pressure with mean difference = 18.08 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure with mean difference = 3.6 mmHg, higher in males than in females.
What is normal blood pressure by gender?
Women ages 21-25 have the lowest normal diastolic reading (115.5-70.5), while women age 31-35 have the lowest normal systolic reading (110.5/72.5). The age group with the highest normal blood pressure reading is women ages 56-60 (132.5/78.5).
Do males have higher heart rate than females?
The average adult male heart rate is between 70 and 72 beats per minute, while the average for adult women is between 78 and 82 beats. This difference is largely accounted for by the size of the heart, which is typically smaller in females than males.