Although social class, religion, gender, ethnicity and age are often treated as independent variables (e.g., factors, forces, structures) and invoked as causal explanations for various outcomes, this paper approaches these constructs in more distinctive, humanly-engaged terms.
What kind of variable is gender?
A good example of a nominal variable is sex (or gender).
Can gender be a control variable?
Sex and gender are often ‘controlled’ for in global health research, which forces the relationship between the predictor and outcome of interest to be the same across sex (ie, males, females and intersex) or gender (ie, men, women and gender minorities).
Is gender a participant variable?
Participant variables: Participant variables can be defined as the differing individual characteristics that may impact how a participant responds in an experiment. Examples of participant variables include gender, age, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, literacy status, mood, clinical diagnosis etc.
Is gender a DV or IV?
The relationships between gender (IV, independent variable) and depressive symptoms (DV, dependent variable) mediated by each personality factor (M1, mediator 1) and stress (M2, mediator 2).
Why is gender not a quantitative variable?
Gender (male/female) is not a quantitative variable. … If we wanted to study gender, we would have to give the categories of the variable a number rather than a name. For example, by giving men the code 1 and women the code 2.
What is the independent variable called?
Independent variables are also called “regressors,“ “controlled variable,” “manipulated variable,” “explanatory variable,” “exposure variable,” and/or “input variable.” Similarly, dependent variables are also called “response variable,” “regressand,” “measured variable,” “observed variable,” “responding variable,” “ …
Which is the independent variable dependent variable controlled variable?
Independent variable – the variable that is altered during a scientific experiment. Dependent variable – the variable being tested or measured during a scientific experiment. Controlled variable – a variable that is kept the same during a scientific experiment.
What is independent variable in research?
In an Experiment, the independent variable is the characteristic that is manipulated by the researcher to gauge the effect of the changes on the dependent variable. Note that, it is always the resulting change on the dependent variable that is measured by altering the independent variable.
Is gender a confounding variable?
Since gender was clearly balanced between the exposure groups, stratification by gender was not expected to result in a difference between the crude (i.e., unadjusted) RR and gender-adjusted RR. … As a result, gender is likely to be considered a confounding variable within strata of young and old subjects.
Is gender an extraneous variable?
Extraneous variables are often classified into three main types: Subject variables, which are the characteristics of the individuals being studied that might affect their actions. These variables include age, gender, health status, mood, background, etc.
What is independent variable and dependent variable examples?
Independent variable causes an effect on the dependent variable. Example: How long you sleep (independent variable) affects your test score (dependent variable). … Example: Your test score affects how long you sleep.
Is the independent variable quantitative?
Some examples of quantitative variables are height, weight, and shoe size. In the study on the effect of diet discussed above, the independent variable was type of supplement: none, strawberry, blueberry, and spinach. The variable “type of supplement” is a qualitative variable; there is nothing quantitative about it.