Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide, yet important differences exist between men and women. Men generally develop CVD at a younger age and have a higher risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) than women. Women, in contrast, are at a higher risk of stroke, which often occurs at older age.
Why does gender affect coronary heart disease?
In the Women’s Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation (WISE) study it was shown that young women with endogenous oestrogen deficiency have a more than sevenfold increase in coronary artery risk. Oestrogens have a regulating effect on several metabolic factors, such as lipids, inflammatory markers and the coagulant system.
Is CAD more common in males or females?
The epidemiological studies show that incidence of coronary artery disease is greater in male than female (Greenland et al., 1991; Vera et al., 2001; Jeanine et al., 2002). Miller et al. (2001) reported that the gender differences in patients with CAD have been reported to be lower or no different in women than in men.
Is CHD more common in males or females?
A recent analysis synthesizing findings from case reports found that men were overwhelmingly more likely to be diagnosed with CHS relative to women (72.9 vs 27.1%; Sorenson et al, 2016).
What gender is most affected by heart failure?
Conclusion: Men have a higher incidence of heart failure, but the overall prevalence rate is similar in both sexes, since women survive longer after the onset of heart failure. Women tend to be older when diagnosed with heart failure and more often have diastolic dysfunction than men.
Why are males more at risk for heart disease?
Heart Risk Factor: Low Testosterone
Metabolic syndrome (which includes high blood sugar levels, unhealthy cholesterol levels, and too much weight in the midsection) and diabetes are leading risk factors for heart disease. Low testosterone is simply one part of an overall picture of heart risk, the expert says.
Why do males have more heart attacks than females?
Men typically develop this plaque buildup in the largest arteries that supply blood to the heart. Women are more likely to develop this buildup in the heart’s smallest blood vessels, known as the microvasculature. Furthermore, heart disease in both sexes is only partly related to the accumulation of cholesterol.
What is the cause of congestive heart failure?
The most common cause of congestive heart failure is coronary artery disease. Risk factors for coronary artery disease include: high levels of cholesterol and/or triglyceride in the blood. high blood pressure.
Is gender a risk factor for heart failure?
Ischemic etiology and associated coronary heart disease were strongly correlated with male sex. The risk for HF was dramatically more elevated for women with systolic hypertension but the association for diabetes mellitus as the etiology of HF was somewhat equal between males and females.