When did toxic masculinity become a term?

Toxic masculinity emerged within the mythopoetic men’s movement of the 1980s, coined by Shepherd Bliss. Bliss confirmed to me in a 2019 email that he coined the term to characterize his father’s militarized, authoritarian masculinity.

What are examples of toxic masculinity?

Traits of toxic or unhealthy masculinity can include:

  • Unconditional physical toughness.
  • Physical aggression, fear of emotions.
  • Discrimination against people that aren’t heterosexual.
  • Hyper independence.
  • Sexual aggression or violence.
  • Anti-feminist behavior.

Who coined the term hegemonic masculinity?

History. Connell first proposed the concept of hegemonic masculinity in field reports from a study of social inequality in Australian high schools; in a related conceptual discussion of the making of masculinities and the experiences of men’s bodies; and in a debate over the role of men in Australian labour politics.

What are the signs of toxic masculinity?

Signs of Toxic Masculinity

  • Violence.
  • Aggression.
  • Bullying and harassment.
  • Homophobia.
  • Misogyny.
  • Refusing to seek help when struggling (mentally or physically)
  • Engaging in risky behaviour that might cause harm to oneself or others.
  • Engaging in unhealthy behaviour, like smoking and drinking.
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What is the word for toxic masculinity?

What is another word for toxic masculinity?

machismo chauvinism
misogynism sexism
masculinity manliness
virility laddishness
manfulness machoness

Is stoicism toxic masculinity?

Nope. Stoicism is the Ancient Greek philosophy that emphasizes self-control. The middle path, as the term is in Buddhism. Nothing to do with repression or toxic masculinity.

How do you address toxic masculinity?


  1. Educate yourself and others about what masculinity is about and be a leader.
  2. Learn to be vulnerable. …
  3. Stop trying to be “macho” by reproducing archaic masculine attributes as violence, dominance, aggression and “toughness”

When was the term masculinity first used?

The Oxford English Dictionary Online cites Thomas Ruddiman with the term’s first usage in 1748: “Besides the Prerogative of his Sex, or Masculinity (as the French call it).” In this early instance, as least as far as the French are concerned, the use of the conjunction ‘or’ indicates a conflation of sex and masculinity …

Who made up toxic masculinity?

The concept was originally used by authors associated with the mythopoetic men’s movement, such as Shepherd Bliss. These authors contrasted stereotypical notions of masculinity with a “real” or “deep” masculinity, which they said men had lost touch with in modern society.

What is the difference between hegemonic masculinity and toxic masculinity?

Although toxic masculinity is an extreme example, aggression and male dominance are implicitly present in many men outside prison. Connell (2005) coined the term hegemonic masculinity, which refers to the dominant social position of masculine men, and the subordinate social position of women.

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What is the female equivalent to toxic masculinity?

There is no female equivalent of the ways in which Toxic masculinity enables abuse. The concept of “toxic masculinity” exists to highlight the organized, political nature of domestic violence and other forms of violence against women.

How does toxic masculinity affect females?

When men actively avoid vulnerability, act on homophobic beliefs, ignore personal traumas, or exhibit prejudice behaviors against women, this contributes to many larger societal problems, such as gender-based violence, sexual assault, and gun violence.

What is fragile masculinity?

Fragile Masculinity is a term that refers to the anxiety felt by men that believe they are falling short of cultural standards of manhood. It is not a recognized medical condition in its own right. Still, it can lead to severe problems such as depression and substance abuse.

What’s the opposite of toxic masculinity?

The term Positive masculinity refers to healthy cultural norms and Masculine behaviors. Such as men supporting each other, fostering brotherhood, and making an inclusive environment. Positive Masculinity is the opposite of toxic Masculinity.

How do you raise a child without toxic masculinity?

9 Ways To Raise Your Son Without Toxic Masculinity

  1. Ditch Harmful Phrases. GIPHY. …
  2. Talk About LGBTQIA+ People. GIPHY. …
  3. Teach Respect For Women’s Bodies. GIPHY. …
  4. Slash The Sexual Conqueror Myth. GIPHY. …
  5. Call Out Wrongness. GIPHY. …
  6. Reframe Expectations. GIPHY. …
  7. Have Check-Ins. GIPHY. …
  8. Surround Him With Good Role Models. GIPHY.

What is toxic masculinity Oxford dictionary?

[uncountable] ​harmful beliefs about the way men should behave.